Masking Views in SwiftUI

DevTechie Inc
Jun 24


Photo by davisuko on Unsplash

Mask modifier in SwiftUI gives us ability to mask one view with another. Let’s start with a simple example.

We will create a Rectangle of size 200x200 and fill it with an orange color.

Rectangle()
  .fill(Color.orange)
  .frame(width: 200, height: 200)
We will add an overlay with DevTechie text view with large font:

Rectangle()
  .fill(Color.orange)
  .frame(width: 200, height: 200)
  .overlay(Text("DevTechie").font(.largeTitle))
Next, we will mask this Rectangle to cut a shape of heart. We will do this by adding a mask modifier and for the content of mask, we will add a system image of heart:

Rectangle()
  .fill(Color.orange)
  .frame(width: 200, height: 200)
  .overlay(Text("DevTechie").font(.largeTitle))
  .mask {
      Image(systemName: "heart.fill")
          .resizable()
          .frame(width: 200, height: 200)
  }
And that’s how we mask with mask modifier 😅

With mask modifier we can create some really creative Text views.

For example, we can display a network image and mask it with DevTechie text as shown below:

struct MaskingExample: View {
    
    var body: some View {
        AsyncImage(url: URL(string: "https://images.unsplash.com/photo-1648650571468-501c7dad85f2?ixlib=rb-1.2.1&ixid=MnwxMjA3fDB8MHxwaG90by1wYWdlfHx8fGVufDB8fHx8&auto=format&fit=crop&w=1287&q=80")!, scale: 1.0) { image in
            image
                .resizable()
                .scaledToFit()
        } placeholder: { 
            RoundedRectangle(cornerRadius: 10)
        }.mask { 
            Text("DevTechie")
                .font(.custom("Avnair", size: 64))
        }
    }
}
This will be our output:

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